Your credit card company may offer it under a variety of names. Credit card protection insurance. Credit Shield. Payment protection. Credit safeguard. But no matter what name it goes by, this insurance aims to provide the cardholder with the same thing: security in case unemployment, injury, disability, or death makes paying your monthly credit card bills impossible. By paying a monthly fee (which vary between issuers), if you should lose your job or become incapacitated, your credit card payments are put on hold and interest is suspended, often for as much as two years. This can help keep your credit rating intact during a rough patch, enabling you to remain in good standing with creditors.
But is paying for such a service worthwhile? If you do suffer an unforeseen life event, credit insurance protection can be helpful in preventing your debt from spiraling beyond your control. As with any insurance, credit card insurance needs generally are very specific to a person's life situation.
To understand what your credit card company may offer, consider the four major types of credit insurance: life, disability, involuntary unemployment, and property.
- Credit life insurance pays the balance owed on your card when you die, provided the credit card company is named the beneficiary of the insurance.
- Credit disability insurance covers the minimum payment due on your card for a specified period following a medical disability, with purchases made after you become disabled not covered.
- Credit involuntary unemployment insurance pays the minimum amount due on your account should you be laid off from work or downsized for a certain length of time, with purchases made after you become unemployed not covered.
- Credit property insurance may be included with your credit card and usually provides payment for items purchased with the card if the items are damaged or, in some cases, stolen.
With disability and unemployment credit card insurance, a drawback is that the payment made by the insurance is just the minimum monthly payment and often for a very limited time frame. Minimum payments are mostly between 2% and 3% of your balance, meaning interest will still accrue on the remaining 97% to 98% of what you owe. If you have more than one credit card, you must purchase separate insurance for each card. Meanwhile, for major illnesses, at the time of the incident you generally must have been employed for a minimum of 20 hours per week. The insurer will sometimes only pay off your minimum payment until a maximum benefit (generally $5,000 to $20,000) is reached or you return to work, whichever happens first.
Should you suffer a critical illness or death, the insurer will pay off your entire balance, saving your family members from having to make payments. In such cases, coverage may be limited to major afflictions. Once again, the credit card company will only pay up to a maximum benefit (generally $5,000 to $20,000).
Prior to signing up for credit card protection insurance, ask your card issuer the following questions:
- What situations will the insurance pay for and which ones will it not cover?
- Will the insurance cover a spouse or other supplementary cardholder?
- Can you choose to purchase just one or two coverage options or do you have to purchase all of them?
- What are the requirements for each policy -- such as if you miss a payment or your account is not in good standing when you file a claim?
- Do age restrictions exist for life or disability insurance?
- What does the insurance cost annually, and how frequently can rates go up?
- How can the policy be canceled?
Before purchasing credit card or any insurance, be aware of exactly what you are getting and what it will cost over time.
Although your case may be covered depending on your situation, for many consumers credit card insurance is expensive and rarely pays off. Enrolling in credit card protection insurance effectively boosts your annual percentage rate. A premium is charged on a monthly basis, and is calculated by multiplying a set fee by your outstanding balance. Even if you lose your main income stream, secondary money from savings, investments, or other coverage (such as your employer's disability insurance) could help you make the minimum credit card payment. And hold on to any documents proving your illness, as you will have to include it with your insurance claim.
Additionally, be careful if you get a call from a person claiming to offer credit-loss protection from your credit card issuer. Many scammers use this technique to get you to provide your credit card number and expiration date by claiming they need this information to issue the insurance. You do not need credit-loss protection in most cases, since the cardholder is only held accountable for the first $50 of fraudulent charges made with their plastic and only then if they do not report the loss to the issuer in a prompt manner.